United Nations

CCPR/C/MDV/1

International Covenant on Civil and Political R ights

Distr.: General

4 March 2011

Original: English

Human Rights Committee

Consideration of reports submitted by States parties under article 40 of the Covenant

Initial reports of States parties

Maldives *

[17 February 2010]

Maldives’ initial report under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

1.Maldives acceded to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its first Optional Protocol on 19 September 2006. The Covenant and its first Optional Protocol came into force for Maldives on 19 December 2006. The Government of Maldives did not accept the competence of the Human Rights Committee under article 41 of the Covenant.

2.The Government of Maldives is pleased to inform the Human Rights Committee that the initial report of Maldives under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights — to be prepared in accordance with article 40 of the Covenant — is being addressed by the core document (HRI/CORE/MDV/2010). It covers the period from January 2007 to January 2010.

3.Maldives’ core document establishes the constitutional and legal framework for the implementation of the provisions of the Covenant, explains the legal and practical measures adopted to give effect to Covenant rights and includes topics which are congruent to provisions in Parts I, II and III of the Covenant.

4.A number of issues related to civil and political rights were addressed by the Committee on the Rights of the Child and the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women through their concluding observations as well as three special procedures of the Human Rights Council through their recommendations, including the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief, the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers and the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression. The core document takes stock of steps carried out by the Government of Maldives to follow up the above concluding observations and recommendations.

5.Maldives’ core document hence provides an initial review of the implementation of the provisions under the Covenant. It further represents for the Government of Maldives an introductory platform to embark on a constructive dialogue with the Human Rights Committee in the future reporting cycle.

6.Under the first Optional Protocol to the Covenant, during the reporting period September 2007–December 2009, Maldives was not formally advised of any individual communication reviewed by the Human Rights Committee.

7.The relevant sections of the core document have been prepared in accordance with the harmonized guidelines for an expanded core document issued by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in May 2006 (HRI/MC/2006/3 and Corr.1) and the consolidated guidelines for State reports under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights issued by the Human Rights Committee in February 2001 (CCPR/C/66/GUI/Rev.2).

8.The Government of Maldives will further seek guidance from the Human Rights Committee to improve the quality of its reporting under the Covenant, including through the follow-up to the concluding observations, as part of the common core document.

9.Table 1 below outlines where the provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights are addressed in the core document.

Table 1

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights articles addressed in the common core document (HRI/CORE/MDV/2010)

Articles

Common core document reference

Article 1

Chap. IV, sect. D. Right to self-determination

Chap. IV, sect. C. Participation in public life

Article 2

Chap. IV, sect. A. Non-discrimination and equality

Chap. IV, sect. B. Effective remedies

Chap. IV, sect. B.3. Remedies available

Article 3

Chap. IV, sect. A. Non-discrimination and equality

Article 4

Chap. IV, sect. F. Right to liberty and security of the person

Article 5

Chap. III, sect. B.1. Reservations and declarations

Article 6

Chap. IV, sect. E. Right to life, right to physical and moral integrity, slavery, forced labour and traffic in persons

Article 7

Chap. IV, sect. E. Right to life, right to physical and moral integrity, slavery, forced labour and traffic in persons

Article 8

Chap. IV, sect. E. Right to life, right to physical and moral integrity, slavery, forced labour and traffic in persons

Article 9

Chap. IV, sect. F. Right to liberty and security of the person

Article 10

Chap. IV, sect. F. Right to liberty and security of the person

Article 11

Chap. IV, sect. F. Right to liberty and security of the person

Article 12

Chap. IV, sect. G. Right to freedom of movement, right to access to any public place, expulsion and extradition

Article 13

Chap. IV, sect. G. Right to freedom of movement, right to access to any public place, expulsion and extradition

Article 14

Chap. IV, sect. A. Non-discrimination and equality

Chap. IV, sect. B.6. Procedural guarantees

Article 15

Chap. IV, sect. B. Effective remedies

Article 16

Chap. IV, sect. A. Non-discrimination and equality

Chap. IV, sect. B. Effective remedies

Article 17

Chap. IV, sect. H. Right to privacy, freedom of thought, conscience and religion

Article 18

Chap. IV, sect. H. Right to privacy, freedom of thought, conscience and religion

Article 19

Chap. IV, sect. I. Freedom of opinion and expression

Article 20

Chap. IV, sect. A. Non-discrimination and equality

Chap. IV, sect. I. Freedom of opinion and expression

Article 21

Chap. IV, sect. J. Right to peaceful assembly and association

Article 22

Chap. IV, sect. J. Right to peaceful assembly and association

Chap. IV, sect. N. Trade union rights

Article 23

Chap. IV, sect. K. Right to marry and found a family, protection of the family, mother and children

Article 24

Chap. IV, sect. K. Right to marry and found a family, protection of the family, mother and children

Chap. IV, sect. C. Participation in public life

Chap. IV, sect. A. Non-discrimination and equality

Article 25

Chap. IV, sect. C. Participation in public life

Article 26

Chap. IV, sect. A. Non-discrimination and equality

Article 27

Chap. IV, sect. A. Non-discrimination and equality

Chap. IV, sect. R. The right to education, other cultural rights