UNITED NATIONS

CERD

International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination

Distr.GENERAL

CERD/C/447/Add.16 May 2004

ENGLISHOriginal: FRENCH

COMMITTEE ON THE ELIMINATION OFRACIAL DISCRIMINATION

CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES UNDER ARTICLE 9 OF THE CONVENTION

Eleventh periodic reports of States parties due in 2003

Addendum

Portugal *

[3 February 2004]

* This document contains the tenth and eleventh periodic reports of Portugal, which were due on 23 September 2001 and 2003, combined in one document. For the ninth periodic report of Portugal, and the summary records of the Committee meetings at which the report was considered, see documents CERD/C/357/Add.1 and CERD/C/SR.1447, 1448 and 1461.

GE.04-41342 (E) 240604 290604

CONTENTS

Paragraphs Page

Introduction 1 - 35

Part One

General information

I.DEMOGRAPHIC COMPOSITION OF THE POPULATION 4 - 466

A.General 4 - 186

B.Aliens resident in Portugal in 2001 19 - 238

C.Aliens resident in Portugal in 2002 24 - 2520

D.Issuance of residence permits in 2002 26 - 2731

E.Naturalizations in 2000, 2001 and 2002 28 - 3032

F.Gypsy population 31 - 3239

G.Measures taken by the Government 33 - 3940

H.Local authority measures 40 - 4441

I.Civil society measures 45 - 4642

II.MAJOR CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS AGAINST RACIAL DISCRIMINATION 47 - 5042

III.CONSIDERATION OF THE GENERAL SITUATION WITH REGARD TO RACIAL DISCRIMINATION 51 - 5643

IV.INCIDENTS OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION 57 - 7844

A.Announcement in a daily newspaper 5844

B.Murder of a gypsy 59 - 6144

C.Noteworthy behaviour 6245

D.Racism and car hire 6345

E.Some positive developments 64 - 7845

CONTENTS (continued)

Paragraphs Page

V.RECENT DOMESTIC MEASURES TO COMBATRACISM AND INTOLERANCE 79 - 8448

VI.PARTICIPATION BY PORTUGAL IN ACTIVITIES OFINTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 85 - 8750

Part Two

Information in connection with articles 2-7 of the Convention

I.ARTICLE 2 - Anti-racism policy 8850

II.ARTICLE 3 - Racial segregation 8950

III.ARTICLE 4 - Racist organizations 9051

IV.ARTICLE 5 - Equal rights of all before the tribunals 9151

V.ARTICLE 6 - Effective remedies 9251

VI.ARTICLE 7 - Education and information 93 - 11351

Part Three

Supplementary information

I.PRECEDENT 114 - 12255

A.Administrative precedent 114 - 11855

B.Judicial precedent 119 - 12261

II.SPECIFIC NATIONAL PROVISIONS 12362

III.ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS 124 - 13462

A.Housing 125 - 12962

B.Examples of improvements in living conditions forminority populations 130 - 13463

General conclusion 135 - 13764

Annexes*

Statistical tables

1.Resident alien population of Portugal, by nationality and district of residence (2001 final data)

2.Resident alien population of Portugal, by nationality and sex (2001 final data)

3.Resident alien population of Portugal, by nationality and district of residence (2002 provisional data, processed on 14 May 2003)

4.Resident alien population of Portugal, by nationality and sex (2002 provisional data, processed on 14 May 2003)

5.Issuance of residence permits, by nationality (2001)

6.Issuance of residence permits, by nationality (2002)

7.Residence permits granted, by nationality (2001 and 2002)

* These statistical annexes for 2001 and 2002 may be consulted in the files of the secretariat of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.

Introduction

1.Portugal introduced its ninth periodic report (CERD/C/357/Add.1) on 12 and 13 March 2001. As updated information was also provided at that time, the present report covers 2001, 2002 and the first half of 2003, since the tenth and eleventh reports are to be introduced on 23 September 2003, according to the schedule provided by the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.

2.In its concluding observations (CERD/C/304/Add.117, 27 April 2001), the Committee requested additional information on the following points:

(a)Incidents of racial discrimination and xenophobia;

(b)The number of complaints brought before the courts;

(c)The number of complaints admitted to the Commission on Equality and Non‑Discrimination;

(d)The number of complaints settled by the Commission, and the outcome;

(e)Effective enjoyment by ethnic groups, including refugees, gypsies and citizens from the former colonies, of the rights set forth in article 5 of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, namely equality and non-discriminatory treatment;

(f)The socio-economic situation of these groups and the implementation of general recommendation No. XX (equality and non-discriminatory treatment);

(g)The existence of information campaigns concerning complaints, the situation in terms of discrimination and means of combating discrimination; and

(h)The publicity given to the Committee’s reports and its general recommendations.

These questions would by themselves justify a report; they are at the heart of the report now being submitted by the Government.

3.The general structure of the report is as follows: part one deals, in chapter I, with the demographic status of the Portuguese population (number of aliens, residence by aliens, residence permits, naturalization, gypsies, etc.); there follows a fairly detailed analysis of the major constitutional provisions against discrimination (chap. II), the general situation with regard to discrimination (chap. III), some incidents of racial discrimination (chap. IV), recent domestic measures to combat racism and intolerance (chap. V), and, lastly, Portugal’s participation in the activities of international organizations (chap. VI). As customary, part two of the report is devoted to information in connection with articles 2 to 7 of the Convention. This year the report contains a third part comprising three chapters on precedent (chap. I), specific national provisions (chap. II) and economic, social and cultural rights (chap. III).

Part One

General information

I. DEMOGRAPHIC COMPOSITION OF THE POPULATION

A. General

4.Reference to the demographic composition of the population means necessarily analysing the situation of aliens. This is essentially governed by legislation on aliens, which seeks to regulate their situation in the country.

5.The Government that emerged from the legislative elections of 2002 changed the legal regime governing the entry into, stay in and removal from the national territory of aliens, relying on the legislative authority granted by Parliament under Act No. 22/2002, of 21 August. The new regime introduced under Decree Law No. 4/2001 of 10 January, led to a significant increase in the number of legal aliens, namely 346,000 at the end of 2001. The figures submitted in the report, provided by the Aliens and Border Service, relate to 2001-2002. The increase in the number of aliens legally present in Portugal led to a change in the law.

6.Decree Law No. 34/2003, of 25 February, stipulates that entry into and exit from Portuguese territory must be through authorized border posts during their hours of operation. Under article 26, aliens who enter the country via a crossing which is not controlled and who arrive from another Schengen country must report their entry within three working days of their arrival.

7.Entry is refused to aliens who do not meet all the conditions provided for by law or who constitute a danger or serious threat to public order, national security or international relations, relations between member States of the European Union, or relations between States governed by the Convention of Schengen. Entry and travel documents are regulated by articles 12 and 13.

8.Only aliens with sufficient means of subsistence for the period of their stay or who are in a position to legally acquire such means may enter the country. A document pledging responsibility for the alien’s stay must be produced by a foreign national or alien.

9.Authority to refuse entry rests with the Director-General of the Aliens and Border Service, the carrier being responsible for return of the alien if entry is refused. Appeal to the courts is possible, but without suspensory effect.

10.The visa regime is regulated under articles 27 et seq., with particular focus on work visas: a work visa allows its holder to enter Portugal with the intention of temporarily exercising a professional activity, whether as an employee or otherwise (art. 36).

11.The Government, in a notification from the Institute for Employment and Vocational Training (IEFP), produces a biennial report with a forecast of employment opportunities and sectors in which they exist and establishing an absolute maximum annual limit for aliens arriving from third States to exercise a professional activity. The report is drafted taking account of the following factors:

The needs of the market in general;

The need for labour in sectors of fundamental importance to the national economy; and

Geographical weighting of employment opportunities for foreign citizens in accordance with the absorption capacity of each district.

12.An employment visa allows its holder to engage in an ongoing professional activity. The holder must inform the Institute for Employment and Vocational Training of any change in the exercise of a professional activity, so as to ensure that it is in conformity with the above report. An employment visa is valid for multiple entries into Portuguese territory and may be granted for up to one year.

13.The right to family reunification is provided for in articles 56 et seq. A citizen resident for at least one year has the right to family reunification with members of the family who are outside the national territory and who lived with him in another country or who are his dependants. The beneficiaries of this right are the spouse, minor children or children lacking capacity in the charge of a couple or one spouse, adopted children, direct ascendants in the first degree of the resident or his spouse provided that they are dependent, minor siblings under the guardianship of the resident pursuant to a decision by a competent authority in the country of origin, provided that the decision is recognized by Portugal.

14.Article 101 provides for an accessory penalty of expulsion. This may be applied to any foreign citizen not resident in the country sentenced in connection with an intentional offence to a term of imprisonment greater than six months or an equivalent fine. This penalty may also be applied to a foreign citizen resident in Portugal sentenced in connection with an intentional offence to a term of imprisonment greater than one year. In such circumstances it is, however, necessary to take into account the gravity of the offence, the character of the person involved, the likelihood of reoffending, the degree of integration in society, special prevention and the length of residence in Portugal.

15.The accessory penalty of expulsion is not applied to resident aliens when they have dependent children who are resident in Portuguese territory, over whom they were effectively exercising parental authority at the time of the events that resulted in application of the penalty, and for whose maintenance and education they are responsible, provided that the child remains a minor during the anticipated term of the penalty. The penalty is also not applied when the children have been present in Portugal from before the age of 10 and are ordinarily resident in Portugal.

16.Expulsion is determined by the courts when it is an accessory penalty or when the alien has entered Portugal irregularly (art. 109). Expulsion is determined by the administrative authorities in the case of a citizen in illegal status.

17.Lastly, enterprises committing the violations addressed in this legislative instrument have criminal and civil liability. In particular, anyone assisting illegal immigration is liable to a prison term of up to three years.

18.The following information relates to 2001. For updated data for the second half of 2003, the reader is referred to the various statistical tables in the annex which are available for consultation with the Committee secretariat.

B. Aliens resident in Portugal in 2001

19.In 2001 the resident alien population of Portugal was 224,913, comprising 126,449 men and 98,464 women, according to provisional data for 2001 (processed by the Aliens and Border Service in January 2003).

20.There are 61,795 resident aliens from the other 14 European Union countries, with United Kingdom citizens being the most numerous (14,961). Nationals of other countries, non‑member States of the European Union, number 5,430.

21.Almost half the resident aliens - 107,946 - are from African countries: most are from the former Portuguese colonies; nationals of other African countries number only 5,906.

22.There is also a large number of aliens from the Americas: 10,212 aliens are nationals of Canada or the United States of America; 28,992 are from Central or South America, including 23,555 from Brazil. There are 9,721 Asians, including a significant number of Chinese (3,955) and Indians (1,374) as well as Pakistanis (1,039).

23.These figures give the following order:

Africans - 107,946, mostly from the former Portuguese colonies; European Union nationals - 67,225; Brazilians - 23,555; and Asians - 9,721.

Table 1

Resident alien population of Portugal, by nationality and sex (2001)

Nationality

Sex

Total

Men

Women

Overall total

224 913

126 449

98 464

Europe

67 225

35 771

31 454

European Union

61 795

32 952

28 843

Austria

590

319

271

Belgium

2 279

1 172

1 107

Denmark

827

464

363

Finland

550

237

313

France

7 824

4 096

3 728

Germany

11 166

6 164

5 002

Greece

160

87

73

Table 1 ( continued )

Nationality

Sex

Total

Men

Women

Ireland

495

233

262

Italy

3 385

2 081

1 304

Luxembourg

98

62

36

Netherlands

4 461

2 436

2 025

Spain

13 682

6 840

6 842

Sweden

1 317

711

606

United Kingdom

14 961

8 050

6 911

Other European

5 430

2 819

2 611

Albania

22

15

7

Andorra

9

1

8

Armenia

20

10

10

Belarus

40

9

31

Bosnia and Herzegovina

107

37

70

Bulgaria

435

235

200

Croatia

111

61

50

Czech Republic

44

14

30

Estonia

9

3

6

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

139

66

73

Former Czechoslovakia

69

38

31

Former Yugoslavia

149

90

59

Former USSR

308

147

161

Georgia

3

3

0

Hungary

136

55

81

Iceland

47

20

27

Kazakhstan

7

3

4

Latvia

12

3

9

Liechtenstein

5

4

1

Lithuania

18

8

10

Malta

4

1

3

Moldova

45

28

17

Monaco

2

1

1

Norway

567

324

243

Poland

249

112

137

Romania

512

329

183

Russia

598

233

365

Slovak Republic

14

7

7

Slovenia

13

8

5

Switzerland

1 405

768

637

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

24

19

5

Table 1 (continued)

Nationality

Sex

Total

Men

Women

Turkey

101

64

37

Turkmenistan

3

0

3

Ukraine

202

103

99

Uzbekistan

1

0

1

Africa

107 946

63 583

44 363

Angola

22 820

12 921

9 899

Cape Verde

50 223

28 746

21 477

Guinea-Bissau

17 884

12 514

5 370

Mozambique

4 768

2 584

2 184

Sao Tome and Principe

6 345

3 121

3 224

Other African

5 906

3 697

2 209

Algeria

107

82

25

Benin

6

4

2

Botswana

7

1

6

Burkina Faso

2

2

0

Burundi

2

1

1

Cameroon

33

20

13

Central African Republic

3

0

3

Chad

1

0

1

Congo (Democratic Republic)

296

185

111

Congo (Republic)

102

69

33

Côte d’Ivoire

101

67

34

Djibouti

1

0

1

Egypt

71

56

15

Equatorial Guinea

17

8

9

Ethiopia

13

3

10

Gabon

2

1

1

Gambia

6

5

1

Ghana

55

43

12

Guinea

740

527

213

Kenya

287

180

107

Lesotho

4

1

3

Liberia

40

38

2

Libya

43

29

14

Madagascar

6

1

5

Malawi

22

12

10

Mali

69

60

9

Mauritania

32

23

9

Mauritius

13

6

7

Morocco

566

369

197

Table 1 (continued)

Nationality

Sex

Total

Men

Women

Namibia

4

0

4

Nigeria

96

68

28

Rwanda

24

14

10

Saint Helena

8

3

5

Senegal

597

508

89

Seychelles

2

0

2

Sierra Leone

94

71

23

Somalia

1

1

0

South Africa

1 926

958

968

Sudan

17

12

5

Swaziland

12

6

6

Tanzania

332

182

150

Togo

15

15

0

Tunisia

38

25

13

Uganda

7

3

4

Zambia

9

7

2

Zimbabwe

77

31

46

North America

10 212

5 848

4 364

Canada

1 952

1 200

752

United States of America

8 044

4 561

3 483

Other North American

216

87

129

Bermuda

1

-1

2

Mexico

205

84

121

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

10

4

6

Central and South American

28 992

15 259

13 733

Brazil

23 555

12 150

11 405

Venezuela

3 529

2 202

1 327

Other Central and South American

1 908

907

1 001

Argentina

475

276

199

Barbados

2

2

0

Belize

1

1

0

Bolivia

32

19

13

Chile

215

107

108

Colombia

292

117

175

Costa Rica

15

6

9

Cuba

267

96

171

Dominica

1

1

0

Dominican Republic

42

7

35

Ecuador

123

54

69

El Salvador

12

8

4

Table 1 (continued)

Nationality

Sex

Total

Men

Women

Grenada

1

0

1

Guatemala

22

10

12

Guyana

20

11

9

Haiti

2

2

0

Honduras

10

4

6

Jamaica

2

1

1

Nicaragua

8

2

6

Panama

24

14

10

Paraguay

23

16

7

Peru

209

90

119

Dominican Republic

42

7

35

St. Kitts and Nevis

2

1

1

Suriname

4

4

0

Trinidad and Tobago

19

13

6

Uruguay

85

45

40

Asia

9 721

5 538

4 183

Afghanistan

3

2

1

Bahrain

16

16

0

Bangladesh

254

208

46

Cambodia

1

1

0

China

3 955

2 371

1 584

Cyprus

3

2

1

Hong Kong

295

150

145

India

1 374

650

724

Indonesia

16

2

14

Iran

592

346

246

Iraq

154

96

58

Israel

104

68

36

Japan

800

466

334

Jordan

80

49

31

Kuwait

19

11

8

Lebanon

192

108

84

Macao

1

0

1

Malaysia

44

27

17

Myanmar

2

0

2

Nepal

5

3

2

North Korea

11

5

6

Pakistan

1 039

661

378

Philippines

313

71

242

Qatar

2

1

1

Table 1 (continued)

Nationality

Sex

Total

Men

Women

Saudi Arabia

19

12

7

Singapore

42

14

28

South Korea

193

104

89

Sri Lanka

19

9

10

Syria

78

44

34

Taiwan

5

2

3

Thailand

66

24

42

Timor

2

0

2

United Arab Emirates

2

2

0

West Bank/Gaza Strip

10

7

3

Viet Nam

8

4

4

Yemen

2

2

0

Oceania

538

296

242

Australia

477

256

221

New Zealand

61

40

21

Stateless

273

152

121

Unknown

6

2

4

Source: Aliens and Border Service. Final data for 2001 (processed on 6 May 2003) are given in table 2 of the annex (available for consultation in the secretariat).

Note: Provisional data for 2001 (processed in January 2003).

Table 2

Resident alien population of Portugal, by nationality and district of residence

Nationality

Aveiro

Beja

Braga

Bragança

Castelo Branco

Coimbra

Évora

Faro

Guarda

Leiria

Lisboa

Portalegre

Porto

Santarém

Setúbal

Viana do Castelo

Vila Real

Viseu

Açores

Madeira

Overall total

8 187

1 158

3 606

418

719

6 003

1 059

29 272

855

2 998

122 258

768

13 152

1 799

23 289

1 599

713

1 618

2 606

2 836

Europe

1 709

927

1 361

177

321

2 691

616

17 788

293

1 253

26 599

494

5 367

734

3 025

924

208

485

675

1 578

European Union

1 464

877

1 194

161

287

2 546

592

16 849

275

1 131

24 253

467

4 938

653

2 712

870

190

393

567

1 376

Austria

27

10

16

3

7

36

11

114

2

8

222

6

49

8

10

1

1

4

13

42

Belgium

44

47

62

2

11

176

34

610

13

60

844

16

101

24

138

22

8

27

16

24

Denmark

41

44

2

0

0

23

4

234

5

9

287

5

101

1

29

7

0

0

4

31

Finland

16

1

6

0

0

17

0

201

0

6

186

0

64

1

15

5

1

1

0

30

France

412

45

305

29

71

327

42

919

69

322

3 474

24

677

128

410

190

41

89

134

116

Germany

222

302

244

14

47

369

106

3 469

57

182

3 506

34

1 077

76

626

68

18

59

263

427

Greece

8

0

8

0

1

13

0

17

0

0

84

0

15

1

2

2

0

2

0

7

Ireland

10

1

4

0

0

13

1

188

1

4

225

2

16

11

10

1

0

0

3

5

Italy

114

17

93

8

20

352

35

291

14

67

1 510

28

323

64

230

27

13

43

40

96

Luxembourg

2

1

2

1

0

8

2

20

1

9

31

2

10

0

1

2

1

5

0

0

Netherlands

59

120

43

-2

30

211

93

1 947

21

93

1 105

56

206

86

210

33

9

28

30

83

Spain

382

133

284

99

74

630

154

732

86

204

7 773

238

1 335

183

652

429

86

101

32

75

Sweden

12

5

14

0

1

44

91

292

1

8

694

3

64

5

58

3

1

7

5

9

United Kingdom

115

151

111

7

25

327

19

7 815

5

159

4 312

53

900

65

321

80

11

27

27

431

Other European

245

50

167

16

34

145

24

939

18

122

2 346

27

429

81

313

54

18

92

108

202

Albania

3

0

1

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

9

0

1

2

0

0

1

2

1

0

Andorra

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

6

0

0

0

2

1

0

0

0

0

Armenia

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

15

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

3

Belarus

10

0

0

0

0

2

0

2

0

3

9

0

6

1

3

2

0

0

0

2

Bosnia and Herzegovina

2

0

2

2

0

3

0

1

2

6

71

5

3

0

9

0

0

1

0

0

Bulgaria

39

1

9

0

0

9

2

53

1

6

179

0

34

9

22

7

1

51

3

9

Croatia

7

0

19

0

0

1

0

15

0

5

33

0

15

2

7

1

1

0

0

5

Czech Republic

0

1

1

2

1

1

0

9

0

0

14

0

3

0

7

0

1

1

1

2

Estonia

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

3

0

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

13

0

1

1

0

5

1

23

1

4

49

0

14

0

1

0

8

1

0

17

Former Czechoslovakia

8

0

2

0

2

1

0

0

0

1

34

2

16

0

0

0

0

1

0

2

Former Yugoslavia

2

0

5

1

0

2

1

23

0

1

68

0

30

3

6

0

-2

2

1

6

Former USSR

1

0

12

0

2

6

0

0

0

4

226

0

38

4

5

8

0

1

1

0

Georgia

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Hungary

5

0

2

0

0

3

0

11

0

3

72

0

17

0

7

1

0

0

0

15

Table 2 (continued)

Nationality

Aveiro

Beja

Braga

Bragança

Castelo Branco

Coimbra

Évora

Faro

Guarda

Leiria

Lisboa

Portalegre

Porto

Santarém

Setúbal

Viana do Castelo

Vila Real

Viseu

Açores

Madeira

Iceland

7

0

0

0

0

-1

0

11

0

0

16

1

7

1

1

0

0

0

4

0

Kazakhstan

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

2

0

2

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

Latvia

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

4

0

1

0

3

0

0

0

0

2

Liechtenstein

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

4

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Lithuania

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

6

0

6

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

Malta

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Moldova

1

1

0

0

0

0

1

8

0

1

9

0

3

1

19

0

0

1

0

0

Monaco

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Norway

15

4

7

0

2

25

1

146

1

10

263

2

21

1

31

5

0

1

4

28

Poland

16

0

9

2

2

5

0

26

5

3

130

1

25

3

11

2

0

1

4

4

Romania

27

2

43

5

1

17

3

58

0

13

251

1

16

20

44

6

1

2

0

2

Russia

51

0

12

0

9

28

3

65

0

5

279

0

44

11

56

6

3

3

9

14

Slovak Republic

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

4

1

0

3

0

2

1

0

0

0

0

-1

2

Slovenia

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

3

0

2

2

1

0

0

0

0

2

Switzerland

26

36

19

3

14

28

6

446

4

54

460

15

102

13

58

11

4

22

22

62

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

1

0

5

0

0

4

0

0

1

1

6

0

0

0

3

0

0

1

1

1

Turkey

3

1

9

0

0

0

3

14

0

‑1

50

0

10

1

5

1

0

0

2

3

Turkmenistan

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Ukraine

6

2

6

0

1

3

2

12

2

1

69

0

8

2

9

1

0

1

56

21

Uzbekistan

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

Africa

1 352

110

743

113

146

1 520

241

7 645

145

735

72 630

157

2 741

577

17 929

154

159

243

333

273

Angola

424

26

311

58

39

465

56

924

60

201

15 345

77

904

184

3 424

66

79

111

18

48

Cape Verde

196

34

117

32

74

381

105

3 244

48

325

33 784

42

886

196

10 403

27

33

57

214

25

Guinea-Bissau

477

18

122

6

1

332

21

2 384

1

58

12 318

7

341

58

1 489

23

24

20

78

106

Mozambique

43

8

64

4

12

108

27

110

3

45

3 317

5

130

51

812

7

1

5

8

8

Sao Tome and Príncipe

75

3

37

3

6

115

22

80

5

12

4 463

17

109

28

1 334

0

8

22

2

4

Other African

137

21

92

10

14

119

10

903

28

94

3 403

9

371

60

467

31

14

28

13

82

Algeria

4

2

4

0

0

0

2

16

0

5

37

0

18

4

7

4

3

0

0

1

Benin

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

2

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

Botswana

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Burkina Faso

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Burundi

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

Cameroon

-1

0

0

1

0

1

0

1

0

0

11

0

9

0

10

0

0

0

0

1

Central African Republic

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Chad

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Table 2 (continued)

Nationality

Aveiro

Beja

Braga

Bragança

Castelo Branco

Coimbra

Évora

Faro

Guarda

Leiria

Lisboa

Portalegre

Porto

Santarém

Setúbal

Viana do Castelo

Vila Real

Viseu

Açores

Madeira

Congo (Democratic Republic)

26

0

16

2

4

4

0

5

7

7

176

1

23

1

16

1

5

2

0

0

Congo (Republic)

4

0

12

0

0

1

0

1

5

0

54

0

5

0

19

0

0

1

0

0

Côte d’Ivoire

14

0

0

0

1

1

0

12

0

1

48

0

3

1

20

0

0

0

0

0

Djibouti

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Egypt

4

0

0

1

0

3

0

9

0

1

33

0

12

1

5

1

1

0

-1

1

Equatorial Guinea

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

10

0

0

0

7

0

0

0

0

0

Ethiopia

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

7

1

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

Gabon

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Gambia

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

4

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Ghana

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

9

3

2

31

0

6

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

Guinea

16

-1

22

0

0

30

4

61

2

1

421

2

66

8

97

6

1

2

-3

5

Kenya

1

0

0

0

0

11

0

10

0

2

237

2

1

1

20

0

0

1

0

1

Lesotho

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

Liberia

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

35

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

Libya

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

34

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

4

Madagascar

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Malawi

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

20

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

Mali

1

0

3

0

0

2

0

4

1

0

32

0

5

1

14

2

2

0

1

1

Mauritius

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

8

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

1

Mauritania

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

28

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

1

Morocco

20

13

6

1

3

7

0

130

4

51

215

1

35

12

47

5

1

9

2

4

Namibia

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Nigeria

2

2

1

0

0

1

0

3

0

1

72

0

5

0

8

0

0

0

0

1

Rwanda

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

1

0

4

9

0

7

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

Saint Helena

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

8

0

0

0

0

0

Senegal

3

0

5

3

2

9

1

37

0

0

442

0

61

5

25

1

0

1

0

2

Seychelles

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Sierra Leone

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

2

0

0

86

0

2

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

Somalia

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

South Africa

25

4

14

2

3

18

1

563

6

15

983

2

99

19

86

8

1

9

13

55

Sudan

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

13

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

Swaziland

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

6

0

1

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

Tanzania

0

0

0

0

0

26

0

3

0

0

254

0

0

2

47

0

0

0

0

0

Togo

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

12

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

Tunisia

2

0

2

0

0

1

0

7

0

0

14

0

5

3

2

1

0

1

0

0

Uganda

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

5

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

Zambia

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

6

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

2

Zimbabwe

5

1

1

0

0

2

1

14

0

0

38

0

3

2

8

1

0

0

0

1

Table 2 (continued)

Nationality

Aveiro

Beja

Braga

Bragança

Castelo Branco

Coimbra

Évora

Faro

Guarda

Leiria

Lisboa

Portalegre

Porto

Santarém

Setúbal

Viana do Castelo

Vila Real

Viseu

Açores

Madeira

North America

778

23

88

10

54

327

25

886

172

344

5 036

16

267

135

257

148

25

123

1 398

100

Canada

148

0

20

6

15

120

3

328

0

137

516

0

41

36

75

-1

-3

15

490

6

USA

627

19

64

4

35

203

21

552

171

195

4 390

12

215

91

162

149

28

108

909

89

Other North American

3

4

4

0

4

4

1

6

1

12

130

4

11

8

20

0

0

0

-1

5

Bermuda

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

‑3

2

Mexico

3

4

4

0

4

4

1

6

1

12

129

2

11

8

11

0

0

0

2

3

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

9

0

0

0

0

0

Central and South America

4 116

80

1 249

96

159

1 235

132

1 769

217

552

11 380

74

3 977

254

1 407

323

300

706

156

810

Brazil

2 277

66

1 146

84

139

1 006

124

1 236

196

481

10 128

73

3 521

218

1 216

290

280

665

141

268

Venezuela

1 755

5

54

2

1

179

1

314

11

14

315

0

257

11

59

10

4

21

7

509

Other Central and South American

84

9

49

10

19

50

7

219

10

57

937

1

199

25

132

23

16

20

8

33

Argentina

9

4

-4

0

9

10

2

104

6

29

209

0

38

10

23

6

1

8

3

8

Barbados

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Belize

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

Bolivia

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

2

0

0

25

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

1

Chile

8

2

5

1

1

3

0

20

1

4

126

1

11

6

22

1

1

1

0

1

Colombia

20

1

14

0

2

11

0

17

1

2

143

0

34

1

25

3

4

0

3

11

Costa Rica

1

-1

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

12

0

2

0

-1

0

0

0

0

0

Cuba

14

1

12

1

1

8

0

25

0

13

127

0

36

1

15

4

1

1

2

5

Dominica

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

Dominican Republic

2

0

0

2

0

0

1

3

0

2

25

0

2

0

3

0

0

1

0

1

Ecuador

6

1

8

4

0

2

1

15

0

3

47

0

26

1

4

0

2

0

0

3

El Salvador

3

0

1

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

3

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Grenada

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

Guatemala

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

11

0

1

2

5

1

0

0

0

0

Guyana

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

3

0

1

0

13

0

0

0

0

1

Haiti

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Honduras

1

0

1

0

1

0

0

1

1

0

2

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

Jamaica

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Nicaragua

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

5

0

-1

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

Panama

4

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

21

0

1

0

2

0

0

0

0

-4

Paraguay

0

0

5

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

7

0

8

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

Peru

14

0

2

0

3

9

1

11

0

2

109

0

29

2

10

1

5

8

0

3

St. Kitts and Nevis

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Suriname

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Trinidad and Tobago

0

0

0

0

0

4

0

6

0

0

4

0

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

3

Uruguay

0

0

3

0

0

1

0

9

1

2

51

0

7

1

2

6

1

1

0

0

Table 2 (continued)

Nationality

Aveiro

Beja

Braga

Bragança

Castelo Branco

Coimbra

Évora

Faro

Guarda

Leiria

Lisboa

Portalegre

Porto

Santarém

Setúbal

Viana do Castelo

Vila Real

Viseu

Açores

Madeira

Asia

215

15

157

20

36

197

40

972

27

101

6 228

25

773

89

614

50

21

55

36

50

Afghanistan

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

Bahrain

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

5

0

9

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

Bangladesh

0

0

20

0

2

3

0

12

0

0

153

0

26

1

29

5

0

1

1

1

Cambodia

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

China

176

12

120

8

22

130

20

348

9

74

2 165

12

508

44

207

18

18

29

13

22

Cyprus

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

Hong Kong

0

0

0

8

0

0

0

284

0

0

1

0

-1

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

India

8

0

4

0

4

19

8

67

14

3

1 062

2

69

8

83

4

2

11

3

3

Indonesia

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

13

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Iran

1

0

1

0

5

13

1

39

0

0

444

2

15

6

51

1

0

1

10

2

Iraq

2

0

0

2

0

0

0

6

0

0

96

0

3

2

43

0

0

0

0

0

Israel

2

1

0

0

0

0

0

10

0

0

77

7

3

0

4

0

0

0

0

0

Japan

15

0

7

0

0

11

1

13

1

5

592

2

73

11

50

16

1

1

1

0

Jordan

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

32

0

1

43

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Kuwait

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

13

0

1

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

Lebanon

0

0

0

1

0

3

0

40

0

6

128

0

3

1

9

0

0

1

0

0

Macao

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Malaysia

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

13

2

0

19

0

6

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

Myanmar

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Nepal

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

North Korea

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

11

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Pakistan

1

0

2

0

0

9

3

29

0

1

878

0

7

2

99

0

0

1

1

6

Philippines

5

1

1

1

0

2

4

36

0

8

196

0

12

11

19

2

0

9

3

3

Qatar

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Saudi Arabia

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5

0

0

8

0

1

0

4

1

0

0

0

0

Singapore

0

0

2

0

2

0

0

3

0

0

23

0

7

2

2

1

0

0

0

0

South Korea

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

168

0

18

0

0

0

0

0

3

1

Sri Lanka

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

13

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

3

Syria

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

19

0

1

47

0

1

0

3

2

0

0

0

3

Taiwan

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Thailand

3

1

0

0

1

0

0

6

1

2

40

0

8

0

0

0

0

1

1

2

Timor

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

United Arab Emirates

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Viet Nam

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

6

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

West Bank/ Gaza Strip

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

8

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

Yemen

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Table 2 (continued)

Nationality

Aveiro

Beja

Braga

Bragança

Castelo Branco

Coimbra

Évora

Faro

Guarda

Leiria

Lisboa

Portalegre

Porto

Santarém

Setúbal

Viana do Castelo

Vila Real

Viseu

Açores

Madeira

Oceania

15

4

6

0

3

29

5

175

0

5

214

2

16

9

31

‑1

0

4

4

17

Australia

11

3

5

0

3

27

5

168

0

5

175

2

16

9

30

‑1

0

3

3

13

New Zealand

4

1

1

0

0

2

0

7

0

0

39

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

1

4

Stateless

2

0

2

2

0

1

0

36

1

8

169

0

11

1

26

1

0

1

4

8

Unknown

0

-1

0

0

0

3

0

1

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

Note: Provisional data for 2001 (processed on 2 January 2003). Final data for 2001 (processed on 6 May 2003) are given in table 1 of the annex (available for consultation in the secretariat).

C. Aliens resident in Portugal in 2002

24.There was an increase in the alien population of Portugal in 2002. There was a total of 235,627, of which 112,550 were from Africa (with an increase in people from countries other than former Portuguese colonies, namely 6,217). European Union nationals totalled 65,393, there having been a decline between 2001 and 2002; the number of nationals of Eastern European countries increased to 5,990. The number of Brazilians also grew, increasing to 24,550. The same is true of Asians, whose numbers increased to 10,443, including 4,334 Chinese, 1,461 Indians and 1,123 Pakistanis).

25.The number of nationals of Portuguese-speaking African countries and Brazil is very significant and still increasing, but there has been a relative decline in the number of European Union nationals. The African component from the former colonies is also identifiable:  24,096 from Angola, 51,950 from Cape Verde (the biggest African community); 18,728 from Guinea‑Bissau; 6,689 from Sao Tome and Principe; and 4,870 from Mozambique. There are also 24,550 Brazilians. This gives an idea of the foreign component with cultural affinities as a result of colonization by Portugal, bonds that unite the Portuguese-speaking community. That also means that more than half, in fact almost two thirds, of the resident alien population are from Portuguese-speaking countries.

Table 3

Resident alien population of Portugal, by nationality and sex

Nationality

Sex

Total

Men

Women

Overall total

235 627

131 448

104 179

Europe

71 383

37 838

33 545

European Union

65 393

34 728

30 665

Austria

631

343

288

Belgium

2 417

1 248

1 169

Denmark

857

478

379

Finland

567

242

325

France

8 295

4 335

3 960

Germany

11 779

6 468

5 311

Greece

171

89

82

Ireland

543

258

285

Italy

3 708

2 260

1 448

Luxembourg

110

70

40

Netherlands

4 756

2 582

2 174

Spain

14 479

7 185

7 294

Sweden

1 364

730

634

United Kingdom

15 716

8 440

7 276

Table 3 (continued)

Nationality

Sex

Total

Men

Women

Other European

5 990

3 110

2 880

Albania

24

16

8

Andorra

11

2

9

Armenia

21

11

10

Belarus

42

10

32

Bosnia and Herzegovina

111

37

74

Bulgaria

544

330

214

Croatia

113

62

51

Czech Republic

48

15

33

Estonia

13

4

9

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

147

69

78

Former Czechoslovakia

69

38

31

Former USSR

308

147

161

Former Yugoslavia

149

90

59

Georgia

6

5

1

Hungary

158

62

96

Iceland

52

22

30

Kazakhstan

15

6

9

Kyrgyzstan

1

0

1

Latvia

15

3

12

Liechtenstein

5

4

1

Lithuania

20

8

12

Malta

4

1

3

Moldova

71

44

27

Monaco

2

1

1

Norway

636

361

275

Poland

276

121

155

Romania

584

366

218

Russia

665

255

410

Slovak Republic

14

7

7

Slovenia

16

9

7

Switzerland

1 449

794

655

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

26

20

6

Turkey

110

69

41

Turkmenistan

3

0

3

Ukraine

261

121

140

Uzbekistan

1

0

1

Table 3 (continued)

Nationality

Sex

Total

Men

Women

Africa

112 550

65 741

46 809

Angola

24 096

13 488

10 608

Cape Verde

51 950

29 550

22 400

Guinea-Bissau

18 728

12 940

5 788

Mozambique

4 870

2 620

2 250

Sao Tome and Principe

6 689

3 277

3 412

Other African

6 217

3 866

2 351

Algeria

113

88

25

Benin

6

4

2

Botswana

8

1

7

Burkina Faso

3

2

1

Burundi

2

1

1

Cameroon

37

21

16

Central African Republic

3

0

3

Chad

1

0

1

Congo (Democratic Republic)

324

201

123

Congo (Republic)

105

69

36

Côte d’Ivoire

103

67

36

Djibouti

1

0

1

Egypt

79

63

16

Equatorial Guinea

19

10

9

Ethiopia

15

3

12

Gabon

2

1

1

Gambia

7

6

1

Ghana

59

45

14

Guinea

771

542

229

Kenya

288

180

108

Lesotho

4

1

3

Liberia

41

38

3

Libya

43

29

14

Madagascar

6

1

5

Malawi

22

12

10

Mali

71

60

11

Mauritania

34

24

10

Mauritius

12

5

7

Morocco

649

428

221

Namibia

4

0

4

Nigeria

103

73

30

Rwanda

25

14

11

Saint Helena

8

3

5

Senegal

663

544

119

Seychelles

2

0

2

Table 3 (continued)

Nationality

Sex

Total

Men

Women

Sierra Leone

95

72

23

Somalia

1

1

0

South Africa

1 976

974

1 002

Sudan

16

11

5

Swaziland

12

6

6

Tanzania

331

181

150

Togo

16

16

0

Tunisia

42

28

14

Uganda

7

3

4

Zambia

10

8

2

Zimbabwe

78

30

48

North America

10 230

5 849

4 381

Canada

1 940

1 192

748

USA

8 057

4 565

3 492

Other North American

233

92

141

Bermuda

3

1

2

Mexico

220

87

133

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

10

4

6

Central and South American

30 196

15 630

14 566

Brazil

24 550

12 497

12 053

Venezuela

3 573

2 170

1 403

Other Central and South American

2 073

963

1 110

Anguilla

1

1

0

Argentina

508

290

218

Barbados

2

2

0

Belize

1

1

0

Bolivia

35

21

14

Chile

225

112

113

Colombia

330

126

204

Costa Rica

15

6

9

Cuba

302

109

193

Dominica

1

1

0

Dominican Republic

47

7

40

Ecuador

146

63

83

El Salvador

13

8

5

Grenada

1

0

1

Guatemala

22

10

12

Guyana

23

11

12

Haiti

2

2

0

Honduras

10

4

6

Jamaica

3

1

2

Nicaragua

7

2

5

Table 3 (continued)

Nationality

Sex

Total

Men

Women

Panama

17

9

8

Paraguay

24

17

7

Peru

220

96

124

Saint Kitts and Nevis

6

2

4

Suriname

4

4

0

Trinidad and Tobago

19

13

6

Uruguay

89

45

44

Asia

10 443

5 938

4 505

Afghanistan

4

3

1

Bahrain

16

16

0

Bangladesh

353

277

76

Cambodia

1

1

0

China

4 334

2 544

1 790

Cyprus

3

2

1

Hong Kong

296

150

146

India

1 461

711

750

Indonesia

18

3

15

Iran

597

349

248

Iraq

154

96

58

Israel

109

72

37

Japan

814

471

343

Jordan

81

50

31

Kuwait

19

11

8

Lebanon

194

109

85

Macao

2

0

2

Malaysia

45

27

18

Myanmar

2

0

2

Nepal

8

3

5

North Korea

15

8

7

Pakistan

1 123

724

399

Philippines

329

78

251

Qatar

2

1

1

Saudi Arabia

19

12

7

Singapore

42

14

28

South Korea

205

111

94

Sri Lanka

20

9

11

Syria

78

44

34

Taiwan

5

2

3

Thailand

69

24

45

Timor

2

0

2

United Arab Emirates

2

2

0

Viet Nam

8

4

4

Table 3 (continued)

Nationality

Sex

Total

Men

Women

West Bank/Gaza Strip

11

8

3

Yemen

2

2

0

Oceania

545

297

248

Australia

483

257

226

New Zealand

62

40

22

Stateless

273

152

121

Unknown

7

3

4

Note: Provisional data as at 30 November 2002. The data processed on 14 May 2003 are given in table 4 of the annex (available for consultation in the secretariat).

Table 4

Resident alien population of Portugal, by nationality and district of residence

Nationality

Aveiro

Beja

Braga

Bragança

Castelo Branco

Coimbra

Évora

Faro

Guarda

Leiria

Lisboa

Portalegre

Porto

Santarém

Setúbal

Viana do Castelo

Vila Real

Viseu

Açores

Madeira

Overall total

8 527

1 247

3 734

456

785

6 564

1 159

30 936

953

3 193

127 043

823

13 790

1 938

24 626

1 700

744

1 679

2 714

3 016

Europe

1 824

1 003

1 470

196

345

3 125

670

18 970

342

1 353

27 725

525

5 682

778

3 175

997

242

525

728

1 708

European Union

1 552

945

1 298

179

304

2 964

636

17 928

323

1 210

25 243

495

5 122

688

2 820

937

222

425

614

1 488

Austria

28

10

18

3

7

37

11

125

2

8

239

6

52

8

11

1

2

4

14

45

Belgium

44

48

62

2

11

197

37

664

13

61

884

16

107

23

144

22

9

31

19

23

Denmark

45

44

2

0

0

26

4

240

5

9

296

5

105

1

29

7

0

0

4

35

Finland

16

1

6

0

0

21

1

204

1

6

190

0

66

1

15

6

1

1

0

31

France

431

47

335

33

77

368

52

988

77

365

3 592

27

711

134

427

203

60

97

141

130

Germany

240

336

257

15

50

422

109

3 670

72

189

3 650

36

1 111

86

640

70

19

62

286

459

Greece

8

0

8

0

1

18

0

17

0

0

87

0

17

1

2

3

0

2

0

7

Ireland

10

1

4

0

0

14

1

217

1

5

235

2

18

13

11

1

0

0

4

6

Italy

127

17

109

8

24

450

41

311

15

69

1 605

31

337

66

243

30

15

50

49

111

Luxembourg

5

1

2

1

0

9

2

20

1

9

36

2

10

1

1

2

1

7

0

0

Netherlands

57

128

45

‑2

30

240

104

2 082

27

103

1 161

66

212

88

225

35

9

30

30

86

Spain

409

142

320

108

78

755

163

791

101

212

8 109

244

1 379

194

683

473

94

105

34

85

Sweden

13

7

14

0

1

45

91

305

1

8

714

3

70

5

59

3

1

9

5

10

United Kingdom

119

163

116

11

25

362

20

8 294

7

166

4 445

57

927

67

330

81

11

27

28

460

Other European

272

58

172

17

41

161

34

1 042

19

143

2 482

30

560

90

355

60

20

100

114

220

Albania

4

0

1

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

10

0

1

2

0

0

1

2

1

0

Andorra

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

7

0

0

0

3

1

0

0

0

0

Armenia

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

16

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

3

Belarus

10

0

0

0

0

2

0

2

0

3

10

0

7

1

3

2

0

0

0

2

Bosnia and Herzegovina

2

0

2

2

0

3

0

1

2

6

72

5

4

0

9

0

0

1

0

2

Bulgaria

42

1

8

0

1

12

2

59

1

6

183

0

120

9

25

7

0

52

6

10

Croatia

7

0

19

0

0

1

0

15

0

5

34

0

15

2

7

1

1

0

0

6

Czech Republic

0

1

1

2

1

1

0

9

0

1

14

0

3

0

8

0

1

3

1

2

Estonia

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

0

1

5

0

2

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

15

0

1

1

0

5

2

23

1

4

50

0

14

0

1

0

8

1

1

20

Former Czechoslovakia

8

0

2

0

2

1

0

0

0

1

34

2

16

0

0

0

0

1

0

2

Former USSR

1

0

12

0

2

6

0

0

0

4

226

0

38

4

5

8

0

1

1

0

Former Yugoslavia

2

0

5

1

0

2

1

23

0

1

68

0

30

3

6

0

-2

2

1

6

Georgia

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

4

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

Hungary

5

0

2

0

0

3

1

16

0

4

72

0

26

0

8

1

0

1

0

19

Iceland

7

0

0

0

0

1

0

11

0

0

19

1

7

1

1

0

0

0

4

0

Kazakhstan

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

1

4

3

0

2

1

2

0

0

0

0

0

Kyrgyzstan

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0