Annual trend of the female prison population













2 402

2 294

2 621

2 172

2 791

2 804

2 807

2 633

2 719

2 911

2 854

2 839

Details and characteristics of the 2,839 women held in custody in late 2013.

•73.2% (2,079) are held in provincial prisons, and 26.8% (760) in the Federal Prison Service (SPF). In the latter, 41% (292) of the female inmates are convicted, and 59% (468) are awaiting sentencing. In contrast, in the provincial prisons, on average 37.2% (774) of women inmates are already convicted, and 62.8% (1,305) are awaiting sentencing. Of all female prisoners, 9.3% are serving life sentences (10.85% in provincial prisons and 5.1% in federal prisons).

•85% of women prisoners in all prison establishments across the country are of Argentine nationality. The 14.3% of women prisoners who are foreign are mostly held in the SPF and are Bolivian (4%), (Paraguayan (3%) and Peruvian (2.2%).

•In terms of schooling, 35.4% have primary education complete, 21.5% have secondary incomplete, 19.8% primary incomplete and 11.7% secondary complete; while 3% did not attend any formal education, and a minority of the population have tertiary or university level education complete (2.6%) or incomplete (2.2%). In this context, 44% did not participate in any education programme, 37% participated in some formal education programme (primary level 173%, secondary 17.1%, tertiary 0.4%, and university 2%), and 16.5% attended an informal education course.

•28.1% do a paid job for up to 40 hours per week, 11.8% up to 20 hours, 6.4% up to 30 hours, and 14.9% up to 10 hours per week. Moreover, 41% participated in some form of labour training or skill development, whereas 56.6% did not do so.

•67% participated in some type of recreational or sporting activity, whereas 30.5% did not; and 89.9% received some type of medical assistance while 4% received none.

•During the last year, 89.2% received visits, and 10.4% did not.

•0.95% attempted suicide and 8.5% suffered some type of injury: 2.6% from acts of violence with another inmate, 0.7% from acts of violence involving prison staff, and 5.8% for other reasons.

•24.5% were found guilty of some type of offence (60.8% serious, 26.7% moderate, and 10.3% minor). Of the sanctions applied, 44.6% of cases were subject to solitary confinement for up to 15 continuous days, or solitary confinement for up to seven weekends; and 18.1% of cases involve partial or total suspension of regulatory rights, in 15.2% of the cases and exclusion from common activity for up to 15 days in 10.7% of the cases, among the most frequent.

•Lastly, 5.8% of women held in prison—without a breakdown between federal and provincial prisons—had their children living with them.

105.In the case of women living with their children in prison, in 2009, Law 26.472 amended Law 24.660/96 on the Enforcement of Prison Sentences, henceforth allowing judges to consider the possibility of home detention for pregnant women and/or mothers looking after children under five years of age.

106.Legislation controlling tobacco consumption: In relation to Recommendation 40, Argentina approved the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control but did not ratify it. Nonetheless, a very wide range of regulations are in force at the national, provincial and/or municipal levels restricting or banning smoking and/or regulating tobacco advertising, in particular Law 26.687/2011, regulating the publicity, promotion, consumption of tobacco products.

107.Beijing + 20 Report : Argentina submitted its Report on the Implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995) and the Outcome of the 23rd special session of the General Assembly (2000) in the context of the 20th Anniversary of the Fourth World Conference on Women and the Adoption of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, 2015. The report in question surveys the status and the public policies developed in each of the 12 critical areas of concern listed in the Beijing Platform.

108.Millennium Development Goals: In relation to Recommendation 48, Argentina is celebrating achievements on educational equity and the political participation of women — targets which the Millennium Development Goals set for achieving gender equality. Nonetheless, our country believes the formulation in question did not encompass other fundamental areas of structural inequality between men and women and the full exercise of their rights. For that reason, Argentina considers that substantive equality between men and women — in all of its dimensions, which encompass issues such as the elimination of all forms of violence against women, sexual and reproductive rights, and the recognition of reproductive work and care tasks, among other critical issues — is a priority objective of the Post-2015 Development Agenda; and it is expressing this view in the different international forums in which it participates. It also believes that the main basis of the Post-2015 Development Agenda should arise from the Sustainable Development Goals recently agreed upon by the States parties of United Nations, following the recent adoption of General Assembly resolution 68/309.