Judgments (number of trials in which sentences have been handed down)

Criminal offences committed













Domestic violence(excluding domestic violence against minors)


Judgments (number of trials resulting in conviction)

Criminal offences committed













Domestic violence against minors


Judgments (number of trials resulting in conviction)

Criminal offences committed













47.The Equality Policies Unit currently operates four shelters with a total capacity of 23 directly supervised places. The Unit has assigned two people (a social worker and a psychologist with specialized training in gender-based violence) to carry out the following tasks:

•Admit women victims of gender-based or domestic violence, as well as their dependent sons and daughters, in accordance with the instructions given by the referrer who identified the unsafe situation.

•Act as mediators if conflicts relating to cohabitation arise between the victims in the shelters.

•Supervise and maintain the management of the shelters (including repairs, equipment and cleaning).

48.The Equality Policies Unit devotes a portion of its budget specifically to the maintenance of the shelters. The 2019 allocation totals €14,255.45.

Trafficking and exploitation of prostitution

Response to paragraph 13 of the list of issues

49.Act No. 9/2017 of 25 May, on measures to combat trafficking in persons and protect victims, indeed established the obligation to adopt a programme for the early detection of trafficking in persons.

50.To that end, a multidisciplinary working group (comprised of representatives of the judiciary, Office of the Public Prosecutor, police, labour inspection service and social services) was created, and, on 6 June 2018, via a government agreement, the Protocol of Action for the protection of victims of trafficking in persons was adopted. (

51.The Protocol sets out the processes for identifying potential victims based on the criteria established in the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, signed in Palermo in 2000, and establishes a model for intervention (involving the police, judiciary – Batllia [the Andorran Court of First Instance] and higher courts – and the Office of the Public Prosecutor).

52.The Support Service for Victims of Trafficking in Persons operates when requested to step in by the police, once a victim has been identified. The Service provides comprehensive care to victims, as well as their minor dependents. It offers social, psychological and legal assistance. Victims are entitled to the free and guaranteed social support provided by this Service as part of the portfolio of social and health services.

53.To ensure that victims are protected and that trafficking in persons is prosecuted, the law provides for a three-month period of reflection and recovery for victims, which may be extended for another six months. During this period, victims cannot be subject to any administrative measure by the police (deportation) regardless of the extent of their cooperation with the investigation into the trafficking. Once that period has elapsed, the law allows victims to obtain an immigrant residence and work permit (standard regime), provided that they have an employment contract. Granting of this permit shall not be subject to the quota system, nor to the social cohesion criteria.

Participation in political and public life

Response to paragraph 14 of the list of issues

54.Act No. 13/2019 includes affirmative action measures as a tool for defending and protecting the right to equal treatment and non-discrimination. However, specific measures have not yet been adopted: this will happen when the Comprehensive Plan for equal treatment and non-discrimination is approved; specifically, the programme for equality between women and men will establish the temporary measures required to reverse any unequal or discriminatory situations that are identified.

55.Notwithstanding the above, it is worth highlighting the effectiveness of the policies and actions carried out by the Equality Policies Unit and non-governmental organizations in defence of women’s rights related to participation in public life.

56.In the April 2019 elections, of the seven parties presenting lists of candidates, four parties presented gender-balanced lists (7/7), one presented a list with more women candidates (9/5) and the two remaining parties presented lists with more men (5/9).

57.After the elections, a gender-balanced coalition Government was formed. The Head of Government is a man and there are 12 ministries, six of which are headed by women. The Ministers for Foreign Affairs, Environment, Agriculture and Sustainability, Tourism, Education and Higher Education, Culture and Sports, Public Service and Administrative Reform are women.

58.There is also gender parity in the Consell General (Andorran parliament) (14 women/14 men). The office of síndica (parliamentary president) is occupied by a woman for the first time and that of subsíndica (equivalent to a parliamentary vice-president) is also held by a woman, for the second consecutive term. With regard to women’s representation in the general civil service, in June 2019, there were 38 directors in the general civil service, of whom 11 were women and 27 men. Of the 76 unit chiefs, 42 were women and 34 were men. With regard to women’s presence in the judiciary, the statistics are as follows:

•High Council of Justice: Composed of four people. The president is a man and the vice-president is a woman. The remaining members are one man and one woman.

•Constitutional Court: Of the four magistrates, there is only one woman.

•High Court of Justice: Comprised of nine people, of whom three magistrates are women.

•Office of the Public Prosecutor: The position of Prosecutor General of the State is occupied by a man. There are three women deputy prosecutors and two men deputy prosecutors.

Tribunal de Corts (Criminal Court): Composed of six people (three men and three women). The chief justice is a man.

Batllia (Court of First Instance): Composed of 13 batlles (3 men and 10 women). The chief justice is a woman.

•Court of Auditors: Composed of three people (two men and one woman). The chief justice is a man.

With regard to women’s participation at the local level: consellers de Comú (municipal councillors), cònsol major (mayor) and cònsol menor (deputy mayor):

•Canillo: eight men and two women. The posts of cònsol major and cònsol menor are held by men.

•Encamp: nine men and three women. The post of cònsol major is held by a man and that of cònsol menor is held by a woman.

•Ordino: five men and five women. The post of cònsol major is held by a man and that of cònsol menor is held by a woman.

•La Massana: six men and five women. The post of cònsol major is held by a man and that of cònsol menor is held by a woman.

•Andorra la Vella: seven men and five women. The post of cònsol major is held by a woman and that of cònsol menor is held by a man.

•Sant Julià de Lòria: nine men and three women. The posts of cònsol major and cònsol menor are held by men.

•Escaldes-Engordany: seven men and five women. The post of cònsol major is held by a woman and that of cònsol menor is held by a man.

59.Communal elections will be held in December 2019. The lists of candidates should be drawn up in accordance with Act No. 13/2019.


Response to paragraph 15 of the list of issues

60.As we indicated in our report, the Andorran educational structure is unique in that it is comprised of three distinct, coexisting education systems: the Andorran system, the Spanish system (secular and denominational) and the French system, which are operated by the education ministries of the respective Governments.

61.The curriculum includes educational projects that are designed to promote human rights, tolerance and non-discrimination in the school environment, support democratic participation and group cohesion, prioritize the development of values and social skills and promote in the student body, from a young age, a sense of commitment and responsibility.

62.Andorra has participated in the Council of Europe programme Education for Democratic Citizenship and Human Rights since 2011 and participates in the United Nations World Programme for Human Rights Education.

63.Education for the promotion of human rights is a mandatory aspect of the three education systems. Education professionals must, as individuals and political subjects, behave in accordance with the fundamental rules of society, and model them in the school context.

64.Students acquire skills in different areas: the rights and obligations that come with citizenship, as well as the notions of responsibility and freedom and the relationship between them.

65.There is a true civic learning process formed of values, knowledge, practices and behaviours, with a view to fostering respect for the rights of others and rejection of all forms of violence.

66.In the Andorran education system in particular, emphasis is placed on the training of teachers, in line with the Council of Europe project Competences for Democratic Culture. For instance, educational psychologists have studied with the Sabona Programme (a research programme for peace).

67.Global competencies, human rights education and civic education for global citizenship are aspects of the curricula and educational practices of the Andorran education system that are integrated into every subject and discipline in a cross-cutting manner.

68.In the three education systems, sex education is based on the values of equality, tolerance and respect for oneself and others, thereby contributing to preparing students for their lives as adults. The systems teach respect for the consciences and rights to intimacy and privacy of all people.

69.The objectives of sex education at school are to:

(a)Provide students with objective information and scientific knowledge

(b)Identify the various dimensions of sexuality: biological, emotional, cultural, ethical and social

(c)Develop students’ critical thinking

(d)Promote responsible individual and collective behaviours (prevention, protection of oneself and others)

(e)Make students aware of the relevant resources for information, help and support that are available both in and outside of the school environment.

70.Sex education is incorporated into each education system differently.

(a)In the Andorran education system, the mandatory basic education syllabus (for children aged 6 to 16 years) includes competency development tailored to the specific issues affecting contemporary Andorran society.

(b)Schools must help students to become aware of the problems that affect them and the consequences of their decisions, and of the importance of developing habits and attitudes that will support healthy behaviours in the realm of sexuality and affection, as well as teaching social skills, disease prevention and management, personal hygiene and health, prevention of risky behaviours and promotion of healthy behaviours.

(c)The sex education syllabus for each educational stage is attached, as annex 1.

71.In the French education system, sex education is not a separate subject but is integrated into all the subjects, especially life and earth sciences, moral and civic education, history and geography, and French.

72.The objectives are for students to:

(a)Obtain knowledge

(b)Become more aware of the risks: early pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections (including HIV/AIDS), and also the exposure of personal images and images of others on the Internet.

(c)Develop qualities such as self-esteem, respect for others, solidarity, independence and responsibility.

73.In the Spanish education system, sex education forms part of the curricula of the different primary school subjects. In accordance with school values, all situations where sexual or other types of diversity is addressed are normalized. Schools have led activities specifically on the importance of “saying no”, but there is not a dedicated sex education curriculum at that educational level.

74.At secondary level, sex education is also incorporated into the curriculum, as part of the health module in biology. There are also specific units on reproduction, sexually transmitted diseases and preventing early pregnancies.

75.Generally, at the secondary and baccalaureate levels, non-discrimination (on the basis of sexual or any other type of difference) is taught across all subjects, in a cross-cutting manner.

76.The Government of Andorra, through the Consulta Joven (advisory service for young people), gives workshops on emotional and sex education in secondary schools. The workshops are a tool that support young men and women to improve their emotional and sexual knowledge through activities about diseases and promoting health, among other topics.

77.The workshops, which are led by the primary care nursing team, are conducted for students in the sixth year of primary school and all four years of secondary school.

78.In the 2018–2019 academic year, attendance at the workshops was as follows: primary, 662 students; first year of secondary, 683 students; second year of secondary, 492 students; third year of secondary, 776 students; and fourth year of secondary, 728 students.

Response to paragraph 16 of the list of issues

79.In our records (minutes of education committee meetings; student files; complaints from families; absences; school bullying; risk indicators) we do not have any records of prejudices against girls with disabilities.

80.From an educational point of view, coeducation is the main means of prevention. Our education centres are therefore coeducational.

81.In our centres we strive to break with gender stereotypes and roles; and, in particular, to combat machismo.

82.On the basis of the principles of inclusive education, the same educational methods are used for girls with disabilities (the same educational curricula, with any adaptations needed, attention from specialists, and access to the same activities and workshops).

83.The Equality Policies Unit, independent of the Plan for the Prevention of Gender-Based and Domestic Violence that was mentioned in relation to the work carried out to eradicate gender stereotypes, is planning to conduct a training programme on introducing a gender perspective into public policies. The training will be for all civil service staff and is being developed in coordination with the Ministry for Public Service and Administrative Reform.

84.The training will be necessary to ensure the correct application of Act No. 13/2019, which requires that equality between women and men be taken into account in the adoption of any public policy.

Employment and economic empowerment

Response to paragraph 17 of the list of issues

85.Article 35 of Act No. 13/2019 indeed establishes that social clauses must apply to public procurement processes. The objective is to eliminate social inequalities in the business sector and encourage socially responsible public procurement. The clauses will become criteria for procurement and special conditions for the performance of works and services.

86.The Act on public procurement of 9 November 2000 has thus been amended to include two new articles concerning the requirements for awarding contracts and the special conditions for execution of work. It is worth highlighting the following qualitative criteria for procurement:

(a)Encouragement of social integration and the hiring of women, persons with disabilities, persons who are members of the vulnerable groups recognized in Act No. 13/2019 and persons at risk of social exclusion.

(b)Awarding contracts or subcontracts to companies that have labour force inclusion programmes for persons with disabilities or that employ independent workers with disabilities.

(c)Favouring companies that have measures and plans for equality between women and men, including measures to enable workers to reconcile their personal, family and professional lives.

87.With regard to the special conditions for the execution of work, the Act now expressly indicates that social conditions may be established in order to give effect to the right to equality and non-discrimination of women and other persons who are members of particularly vulnerable groups.

88.As a first measure to address the gender pay gap, the principle of equal pay has been put into effect, meaning that companies are obliged to pay the same wage for work of equal value, regardless of the nature of that wage, and are not permitted to discriminate on the grounds of sex in any of the aspects or conditions of said wage, considering that the work performed by wage-earners with comparable professional expertise, abilities and dedication, and who have comparable responsibilities and physical, mental and psychosocial duties, is equally valuable.

89.Also, the adoption of the programme for real equality between women and men will reduce the gender pay gap, in so far as the analysis conducted should facilitate the adoption of specific measures in that area and, particularly, measures to support the reconciliation of personal, family and work life.

90.In addition, article 24 of Act No. 4/2019, on employment, of 31 January 2019, establishes support for equal labour opportunities. The Government, within the scope of its competencies, is giving careful consideration to equality between men and women in access to and retention in work, as well as professional promotion. It also has to promote the reconciliation of personal and family life and men’s and women’s sharing of family responsibilities.

91.With regard to the new labour legislation, Act No. 31/2018 of 6 December 2018, on labour relations, has increased the length of maternity leave to 20 weeks (previously it was 16 weeks) and has established paternity leave of four weeks for couples who obtain legal recognition of their newborn.

92.Furthermore, Act No. 27/2017 of 30 November 2017, on urgent measures for the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, done at New York on 13 December 2006, has extended maternity and paternity leave in cases where either the parents or the newborn child have a disability.

93.There is also a plan to establish the option for parents to leave their workplace for 25 per cent of the work day, as paid leave, for the nine months after the date of the birth. The time may be divided into two equal periods per day or, subject to the employer’s agreement, taken as a single daily block. In cases of multiple births, there may be a reduction of the work day by 37.5 per cent and, subject to the employer’s agreement, parents may accumulate this time.

94.Also, there is a plan to establish unpaid leave for those who are caring for minors. Carers will have to request the leave within six months of the birth or adoption of the child.

Response to paragraph 18 of the list of issues

95.Information regarding labour rights is essentially the purview of the labour inspection service and the Andorran Social Security Fund. All women workers may request information on their labour rights and the staff of those entities will assist them.

96.Notwithstanding, Act No. 13/2019 establishes the need to adopt a programme for the social inclusion of non-nationals. The aim is to support their integration into all aspects of life in society by encouraging interaction with their environment and recognition of their cultural and social value. As part of that programme, there could be informative awareness-building activities about labour rights aimed at the immigrant population, and domestic workers in particular.

97.The Employment Service was established under the strategy for the placement of persons with disabilities in employment, which was drawn up in 2016 to comply with the obligations assumed by Andorra through its ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Although it serves the entire population, the Employment Service also has a specific mandate of ensuring that persons with disabilities have equal access to the ordinary labour market.

98.In 2017 97 persons with disabilities used the Service, 49 of whom (50.5 per cent) were women. Of those, 20 were in employment at the end of the year: 2 in the public sector and 18 in the private sector.

99.In 2018 154 persons with disabilities used the Service, 79 of whom (51.3 per cent) were women. Of those, 41 were in employment at the end of the year: 16 in the public sector and 25 in the private sector.

100.With regard to the measures adopted to promote the participation of women with disabilities and support their access to the labour market, Employment Act No. 4/2019 of 31 January 2019, which entered into force in February 2019, contains the measures needed to protect the right to work established in article 29 of the Constitution, protect people’s subjective right to work and put in place an efficient, preventive and proactive protection system against unemployment. The Act also sets out the guiding principles of all the entities that together comprise the labour system of the Principality of Andorra, which include equality of opportunity, non-discrimination, social cohesion, free provision of services and universality.

101.From a gender perspective, the Act provides that all employment-related programmes and activities must take into account and incorporate gender issues, and must include specific activities to promote equality and affirmative actions to support those at a disadvantage.

102.Moreover, to avoid discrimination in access to employment, the vacancy notices to which all users of the Employment Service have access must be neutral, and not contain references to status, race, sex, sexual orientation, birth place, religion, opinions, disability or any other information that might be used as grounds for discrimination. The Employment Service or the liaising recruitment entity requests employers to correct any notices that do not comply with that rule, and such notices are not published. If an employer fails to rectify their vacancy notice it is categorized as a serious offence.

103.Lastly, the Employment Service raises companies’ awareness of disability and gender equality issues through projects carried out with the network of inclusive enterprises and training sessions to raise companies’ awareness regarding gender equality among their staff, which are given in collaboration with the Equality Policies Unit.


Response to paragraph 19 of the list of issues

104.Andorra reaffirms the arguments set out in its report and indicates that it has not initiated any action aimed at decriminalizing abortion, given that article 8.2 of our Constitution protects the right to life at all stages.

105.However, the Government is aware of the ongoing debate on this issue among civil society and associations, entities and platforms of various types, and is open to examining ways of responding to the situation, but only within the scope of the existing constitutional framework and without altering the parliamentary co‑principality political system.

Migrant women

Response to paragraph 20 of the list of issues

106.In 2017 the Sustainability Observatory of Andorra began the work under the collaboration agreement signed with the Ministry of Social Affairs, and concentrated on public policies to facilitate the placement in work of persons with disabilities.

107.In the light of that situation and the adoption of Act No. 13/2019, as well as the establishment of the Equality Observatory, we considered it appropriate to wait to conduct the studies mentioned as part of the work of the new Observatory – in accordance, also, with the plans contained in the Act.

108.Act No. 4/2018 of 22 March 2018, on temporary and transitional protection for humanitarian reasons, included in its second final provision a recommendation that the Government conduct an in-depth analysis of national and international regulations on the right to asylum, with a view to the subsequent approval of a draft law to regulate that right, which is recognized in our Constitution.

Economic empowerment, social and economic benefits

Response to paragraph 21 of the list of issues

109.On 15 February 2019, Act No. 13/2019 on equal treatment and non‑discrimination was adopted. The parliament, conscious of the importance of that legislation, set aside days to convene the sessions necessary and adopt the Act before its dissolution for the general elections.

110.Since the entry into force of the Act, on 21 March 2019, and alongside the formation of the new Government, we have begun the work related to its implementing regulations: establishing the Equality Observatory and editing the amended texts of the laws that were modified in order to provide legal security; and for that reason we have not yet begun the process of adopting the different plans and programmes provided for by the Act.

111.The above notwithstanding, we can state that in accordance with the adoption of our strategic plan for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, in which gender equality is recognized as an objective in and of itself, but also as a tool that can facilitate the achievement of the rest of the Goals, the current Government has established the State Secretariat for Equality and Public Engagement as a body that reports directly to the Head of Government and that will facilitate cross-cutting action with the other ministerial departments.

112.The purpose of the State Secretariat for Equality and Public Engagement is to foster interaction among and with institutions, creating mechanisms that support citizen involvement, from information-sharing and participation to decision-making. Also, the Secretariat will be the competent body with regard to equality and will develop the Act on equal treatment and non-discrimination, which was adopted during the last legislative session, as well as the regulatory framework that is emerging in connection with the impetus to adopt the Act, which provides for real equality between women and men.

113.The Equality Policies Unit has seen its gender equality-related competencies enhanced: specifically it is worth highlighting, along with its promotion of equality and work to combat inequality and discrimination against vulnerable groups, its promotion and development of cross-cutting programmes and actions designed to prevent inequality and fight for real equality between women and men, as a separate competency provided for by the Decree on the organization of the Ministry of Social Affairs, Housing and Youth of 12 June 2019.

114.The development of public policies on equality will be the joint responsibility of the State Secretariat for Equality and Public Engagement and the Equality Policies Unit, which is part of the Ministry of Social Affairs, Housing and Youth.

115.The programme for equality between women and men, which will form part of the comprehensive plan for equal treatment and non-discrimination, will include a study of gender equality in the different realms of public, private and social life, and we will adopt the measures considered necessary to redress any inequalities identified.

Equality in marriage and family relations

Response to paragraph 22 of the list of issues

116.With regard to the minimum age for marriage, we must rectify an error in our report. The bill that would change the age at which individuals could marry was a proposed qualified act on the individual and the family, which raised the minimum age for marriage to 18. However, the early dissolution of the Andorran parliament because of the general elections meant that it was not possible to complete the legislative procedure required for its adoption.

117.Adopting that act is one of the legislative priorities of the Government and the parliament for the current legislative session.

118.With regard to the protection of the property rights of women in stable de facto unions, we would like to add to the information provided in our report that our legislation requires that a notary must certify an agreement on the economic relations of couples in such unions, and the Civil Registry performs a legal check to verify that the process has been followed. As such, Andorra provides stronger guarantees in those situations than do other European countries.

119.The Qualified Act on marriage is applicable, in a subsidiary manner, to everything not covered by Qualified Act No. 21/2005, and the procedure for matrimonial separation or divorce governs parent-child measures and any compensatory benefits.

Annex 1

Sex education in the Andorran education system






Sixth year of primary

11–12 years


20 hours

•Emotions and sexuality: sexual differences, gender-based prejudice, diversity of expression and experiencing emotions and sexuality

•Knowledge of self with regard to emotional responses to different situations and individual resources for self-regulation, changes that come with physical, personal and relational development

•Comprehensive presentation of the genitalia and systems that enable vital functions: reproduction and the organs and genitalia that make up the reproductive system

First year of secondary

12–13 years


1 hour

•“How prejudice, stereotypes and rumours affect us”

Second year of secondary

13–14 years


28 hours

•Building awareness about the risks of social media and our use of it (cyberbullying, grooming, phishing and sexting)


28 hours

•Recognizing emotions, knowing how to express and regulate them


16 hours

•The hormonal revolution


2 hours

•Sexuality, sex, gender and social relations


1 hour

•Criminal behaviour on the Internet

Third year of secondary

14–15 years


1 hour

•Cinema as a mirror to help spot small everyday instances of machismo and analyse the roles of the characters and the subjects of films aimed at teenagers


2 hours

•First sexual relationships, contraceptive methods and gender-based violence

Fourth year of secondary

15–16 years


2 hours

Sexually transmitted infections, the importance of communication and assertiveness in relation to sex

Sex education in the French education system




–The time devoted to sex education depends on the teacher. The time should be identified as such in the syllabus and be integrated into teaching. It will be adapted according to the progress of the class or school.

Secondary and baccalaureate

–At least three sex education sessions per year are given at secondary and baccalaureate levels. The sessions are interrelated and are incorporated into the various subjects taught in the classes. The length of the sessions and the size of the groups depends on the educational level. The sessions are organized by a team of volunteers and professionals (including teachers, heads of studies and nursing staff), and, if necessary, in cooperation with external affiliated staff who have relevant national or academic credentials.

–To prevent sexually transmitted infections, particularly HIV/AIDS, teenagers are informed of the risks of sexually transmitted infections and about protection methods.

–This is done through:

–The subjects of life and earth sciences

–Annual sex education sessions

–Educational activities that facilitate a cross-cutting focus on HIV/AIDS prevention

Sexuality workshops offered by the Consulta Joven (Government of Andorra)




–Anatomy and physiology of the female and male reproductive organs

–Pregnancy – depending on the syllabus

–Respect and use of appropriate language

First year of secondary

(12–13 years of age)

–Physical changes that accompany adolescence (recapitulation of the anatomy and physiology of the reproductive organs)

–Psychological changes that accompany adolescence. Masturbation

–Attitude to the changes, respect and use of appropriate language

–Emotions versus sexuality: pillars of sexuality: pleasure, feelings/emotions and difficulties/solutions

–Respect for the diverse ways of expressing sexuality

–Sexuality, sex and gender

–Each culture has a different conception of sexuality

–Sexuality and new technologies

–Identification of risky sexual behaviours (use of condoms)

–Adolescence and social relationships (fathers, mothers and groups of peers)

–Group dynamics: sex and gender

Second year of secondary

(13–14 years of age)

–Concepts linked to first sexual relations

–Assertiveness, respect, trust and affection in sexual relations

–Body image

–Gender-based violence, sexuality and legality

–Different types of contraceptive methods: advantages and disadvantages

–Technique for putting on condoms

Third year of secondary

(14–15 years of age)

–Concepts linked to first sexual relations

–Assertiveness, respect, trust and affection in sexual relations

–Body image

–Gender-based violence, sexuality and legality

–Different types of contraceptive methods: advantages and disadvantages

–Technique for putting on condoms

Fourth year of secondary

(15–16 years of age)

–Sexually transmitted infections

–Reinforcement of all the content covered in the earlier years and resolution of uncertainties

–Group dynamics: sexually transmitted diseases and assertiveness and communication